Curiosity Rover Update: Diverse Geological Formations on Mars

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The Mars Curiosity Rover continues to make its way through the basin of Gale Crater on Mars.  I’ve provided periodical updates on its progress as it makes its way toward a large mountain in the center of the crater.  For the past six months the rover has not moved much, spending its days using the […]

Amazonian Forest Islands: Accidental Products of Ancient Human Occupation

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The Amazon basin isn’t all a lush tropical forest.  In large portions of western Amazonian wet seasonally flooded grasslands – not trees – are the norm.   The upper branches of the Amazon River wind themselves across massive flood plains like snakes writhing across a sandy surface.  One feature of these nearly featureless flat plains that […]

Global Flood on Mars: Where Did the Water Go?

mars-globe-water-past

News of evidence that Mars was once host to a volume of water equivalent of the Arctic ocean on Earth has been hitting the newswires.  This might sound like new news but this is really just a more comprehensive analysis of work that has been ongoing for several years.  Preliminary analysis had already suggested that […]

Origins of a Tropical Island: Instant Paradise or a Long Chaotic Process?

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In November of 2013, over 600 miles south of Tokyo, a volcanic eruption formed a new island. That new island continued to grow for over a year, eventually joining itself to the neighboring island of Nishino-shima, a volcanic island formed long ago. Today, volcanic activity continues to cause this new ocean-island to expand bringing it […]

Forams and Diatoms: Testing Young Earth Flood Geology Hypotheses

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Diatoms with their symmetrical highly-photogenic glass houses may get most of the attention but the foraminiferans (forams) present some formidable competition.  In my recent article (Life in a Glass House)  I revealed that the glass-house remains of diatoms are conspicuously absent from the bottom two-thirds of the geological column.  This raised a rather uncomfortable question […]

Life in a Glass House: Diatoms Shatter Young Earth Flood Geology

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Recently, while researching the diversity of life found in the fossil record for a seminar I will be giving in a few weeks, I was drawn into the fascinating world of diatoms.  Diatoms, which are single-celled organisms that live in glass-houses in almost any moist environment, are visually stunning, and so I thought I might use […]

The Lost World of South American Ungulates: A YEC Ungulate Problem

Wikipedia Macrauchenia a South American fossil ungulate.

Life is incredibly diverse.  Millions of species fill the seas, land and skies of our little planet.  It seems as if there is no end to the discovery of new animals, plants and other life forms.  As a biologist who teaches a class about plant diversity, I can always count on discovering a new group of plants […]

Origins of the Dead Sea, Part VII: Mt. Sodom – A Huge Pile Salt

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Rising out of the plain at the south end of the Dead Sea Valley is a billion-ton mountain of salt.  An eight-mile long, three-mile wide, 742-foot tall (above Dead Sea level) mountain protruding from the basin plain. This is Mt. Sodom. This mountain is composed almost entirely of halite also known as rock salt.    Over […]

Sodom, Gomorrah, and the Seismic History of the Dead Sea: Support for Biblical History – Yes! Support for a Young Earth – No! The Origins of the Dead Sea, Part VI

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The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is a vividly recorded event in the early chapters of Genesis. Estimated to have occurred about 4050 years ago (~2050 BC), the Biblical story provides us with a picture of the specific moment of the destruction of these cities, as well as the still-observable Dead Sea region. Interestingly, the […]

Origins of the Dead Sea, Part V: All Dried Up – No Room for a Dry Dead Sea in the Young Earth Timeline

Recent  (ie. couple hundred years) sediments deposited by the Dead Sea but now above water level because of the receding lake.  You can see clear ripples from when the water was fairly shallow forming ripples that were then covered by salts or sediments that covered over the ripples.  This image is from the Wooster College Geology blog.  Other great pictures and descriptions of Dead Sea sediments can be found here: http://woostergeologists.scotblogs.wooster.edu/2012/03/17/dead-sea-sediments-and-some-impressive-seismites/

Previously we saw that the Jordan Valley once was full of water.  Now we ask, has the Dead Sea ever dried up completely?  It appears that is has, but when?   These are crucial and perplexing questions for believers in a global flood 4350 years ago (aka Noah’s Flood). Let’s look at this story more closely. […]

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