Curiosity Rover Update: Diverse Geological Formations on Mars

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The Mars Curiosity Rover continues to make its way through the basin of Gale Crater on Mars.  I’ve provided periodical updates on its progress as it makes its way toward a large mountain in the center of the crater.  For the past six months the rover has not moved much, spending its days using the […]

Origins of a Tropical Island II: The Long Road from Lava to Colonization

The new volcano (black material) is taking over the old island (green and yellow portion of the island).

Imagine a tropic island paradise with beautiful beaches and thousands of plants and birds. Chances are you are imagining an island that formed as the result of volcanic activity. Examples would include the Caribbean islands, the Polynesian islands, and the Hawaiian Islands. But imagine what those islands looked like when they first formed. Rather than […]

Trillions of Stone Age Artifacts: A Young Earth Anthropology Paradox

Hand axe from southern Libya desert

Trillions of stone artifacts cover the surface of the African continent. The product of the manufacturing of stone tools by hunters and gathers over long periods of time, these stone artifacts literally carpet the ground in some places in Egypt and Libya. Just how much Stone-Age produced rock could be strewn across the African continent? Trillions and trillions […]

Global Flood on Mars: Where Did the Water Go?

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News of evidence that Mars was once host to a volume of water equivalent of the Arctic ocean on Earth has been hitting the newswires.  This might sound like new news but this is really just a more comprehensive analysis of work that has been ongoing for several years.  Preliminary analysis had already suggested that […]

Origins of a Tropical Island: Instant Paradise or a Long Chaotic Process?

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In November of 2013, over 600 miles south of Tokyo, a volcanic eruption formed a new island. That new island continued to grow for over a year, eventually joining itself to the neighboring island of Nishino-shima, a volcanic island formed long ago. Today, volcanic activity continues to cause this new ocean-island to expand bringing it […]

Forams and Diatoms: Testing Young Earth Flood Geology Hypotheses

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Diatoms with their symmetrical highly-photogenic glass houses may get most of the attention but the foraminiferans (forams) present some formidable competition.  In my recent article (Life in a Glass House)  I revealed that the glass-house remains of diatoms are conspicuously absent from the bottom two-thirds of the geological column.  This raised a rather uncomfortable question […]

The Little Rover that Could: Opportunity Thinks it Can for 11 Years on Mars

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Eleven years into a three-month primary mission the Opportunity rover is still making discoveries on Mars. Talk about exceeding your specs! That is eleven years of observations of rocks, craters, sand dunes, weather conditions and the occasional glance into the skies to do some astronomy. To celebrate its 11th anniversary the rover has just climbed to […]

NH Notes: Every Breaking Wave – Concretions Resist the Sands of Time

Concretions resist erosion on rocks of Sunset Cliffs near San Diego.  Image taken on Nov 21, 2014 by Joel Duff

“Every breaking wave on the shore Tells the next one there’ll be one more” Bono and Edge, U2 “Every Breaking Wave” 2014 I was in San Diego a few weeks ago attending the Evangelical Theological Society conference. I will report on that later but today I bring you a few pictures I took before hopping […]

How Rare are Stone Age Artifacts? A Visit to a Stone Tool-Making Center at Kathu, South Africa

Hand-axe-insitu2-Kathu-townland-stone-age

Hundreds of millions and possibly billions of stone artifacts sit just under parking lots and homes in Kathu, South Africa.  Artifacts in this area were examined a few years ago in a vacant lot scheduled to be developed into a shopping plaza.  Explorations in this lot revealed a very dense collection of artifacts referred to […]

Origins of the Dead Sea, Part VII: Mt. Sodom – A Huge Pile Salt

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Rising out of the plain at the south end of the Dead Sea Valley is a billion-ton mountain of salt.  An eight-mile long, three-mile wide, 742-foot tall (above Dead Sea level) mountain protruding from the basin plain. This is Mt. Sodom. This mountain is composed almost entirely of halite also known as rock salt.    Over […]

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