A Strange Testament to an Ancient Earth: Bat Breath Causes Caves to Grow Larger


The formation and development of caves is called speleogenesis.  Everyone knows that caves typically form via the dissolving of limestone to form voids in the rock.  Usually this begins deep underground and as the void expand and reach the surface animals may enter and occupy the cave.  But what happens to caves when the water source that has […]

The Frequently Overlooked Geological Context of Hominid Fossils


The human fossil record is probably one of these least understood yet frequently discussed topics in the Christian church.  I have neither the expertise nor the desire to attempt to resolve the debate over whether particular fossils represent human ancestors or not.  I understand that human origins is a sensitive topic, especially within the conservative evangelical church […]

Bones of Contention III: ICR Claims Homo naledi Fossils are of an “Imaginary Creature”


Soon after the revelation that the remains of at least 15 individuals had been found in the deep recesses of a cave and that these bones looked as if they had been deposited there purposely, I asked the question: How Will Creationist’s Respond to a Huge New Hominid Fossil Find?  The first responses came within […]

Stone Artifacts From the Deep Sahara: Creating Problems for Young Earth Creationists


In our tour of African stone artifact collections, we now travel to a remote portion of the Sahara Desert in southern Egypt.  Stone artifacts are probably abundant in nearly all parts of northern Africa, but they are not easily found everywhere.  The shifting sands of this forbidding desert have buried most of the evidence of […]

Thousands of Stone Age Artifacts and Fossil Bones: A Story of an Ancient Butcher Shop

A small antelope leg bone with cut marks, indicative of early human butchery practices with stone tools. The tools for making these cuts where also found in the same area. (Credit: Image courtesy of Baylor University)

I have been writing about the immense number of stone artifacts that are preserved in the sands, soil and rock layers of Africa in response to the young earth creationist’s rejection of their existence or at least of their abundance.  I was reminded that I had written about stone artifacts a few years ago that […]

Billions of Stone Artifacts: Witness to the Ancient Occupation of the Saharan Desert


The Nubian Desert, which encompasses 400,000 square kilometers of the eastern portion of the Sahara Desert, contains a rich assortment of stone tools and products of Stone Age industries.  Scattered stones among the drifting dunes speak of a time long past during which this land was covered by grassy hills and ungulates, lions, and hyenas […]

Trillions of Stone Artifacts Redux: A South African Test Case of YEC Chronology


Recently, Dr. Terry Mortenson of Answers in Genesis responded to one of my articles (Trillions of Stone Age Artifacts: A Young Earth Anthropology Paradox) which claimed that the presence of trillions of stone artifacts scattered across Africa is a significant problem for young-earth creationism (YEC).  He questioned the fact that so many artifacts could be produced even […]

Can You Spot the Difference? The Slowly Changing Surface of Mars

The restaurant kids meal activity "spot the differences"  has many android app versions now including this one by ??.   I expect it would take a keen eye to notice the difference in a 6000 year old photograph of Mars and one taken today.

Below is a picture taken by the Curiosity Rover on Mars last week.  Had you been on Mars 6000 years ago at this very location what do you think it would have seen?  What differences do yo think you could spot between then and now? I have zoomed in on one section of this rock […]

Is Historical Science Reliable? An Exploration of the AiG “Origins” Science Label


Young earth creationists frequently speak of two kinds of science which they refer to as “origins” and “operational” science.  These terms are possibly akin to what scientists may call “historical” and “experimental” science.  What is this “origins” science and how does origins science play a role in the discussion of the Age of the Earth? […]

Christian Responses to the Spiritual and Physical Status of Neanderthals


The physical and spiritual status of Neanderthals has been hotly debated since the first fossilize of bones were described from Neander Valley in Germany in 1856.   Since that time bones from more than 400 Neanderthal individuals have been recovered over a large geographical range (fig 1). Hundreds of published studies on these bones, artifacts […]


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