A Dinosaur Tale: A Young-Earth Speaker Takes on the Asteroid Extinction Theory

Some of my kids posing in front of dinosaur bones exposed at Dinosaur National Monument more than 10 years ago.

What happens when a speaker gives a talk about dinosaurs but doesn’t have any training in geology or paleontology? You could get a string of distortions of both of these fields of inquiry and even problems keeping facts straight.  A few weeks ago I witnessed just such a talk when I attended an Answers in Genesis […]

Historical Science: How do We Know a Fish Fossil is a Fish Fossil?

jurassic-prank-dinosaur-tale-genesis

The difference between what young earth creationists like to term “operational” or “observational” science and historical science doesn’t have the sharp distinction they like to project to their audience.  I was reminded of this recently when I had an opportunity to hear Tommy Mitchell speak at a local Answers in Genesis conference a few weeks ago.  One particular talk was […]

John Ray in 1695: The Flood, Fossils, and Extinction

fossil-butte-visitor-center-leaves

John Ray, one of England’s greatest 17th century natural theologians, spent much time pondering the meaning of fossils or “formed stones” as they were called then.  I have shared some of his thoughts about fossils and Earth’s history before (See:  John Ray on Flood Geology: Words that Still Apply Today).   In a correspondence with […]

The Ark Encounter Fossil Sluice: A Missed Educational Opportunity

ordovician-fossils-ark-encounter-kentucky2

The Ark Encounter in Kentucky is built on a foundation of trillions of fossils but when they built a new activity to allow visitors to find their own fossils they opted to give them assorted fossils from other places in the world.  This was a missed educational opportunity. When I wrote about my visit to the […]

The Ark Encounter Sits on a Foundation Made of Trillions of Fossils

I made this image to show that the Ark is built on top of fossil-filled rock.  That is a natural resource they don't seem to be interested in using.

The Ark Encounter theme park in Kentucky is literally built on trillions of dead things.  This fact would seem to support Ken Ham’s popular response to what we would expect had the world been subject to a global flood: “Billions of dead things in rock layers…”   But the fossils that form the foundation of his Ark park […]

Quadrillions, Quintillions and Beyond: The Vast Fossil Record Refutes the Flood Geology Hypothesis

Don't worry I left a few for everyone else.  I collected just a few of the quadrillions of belemnite fossils that are contained in rocks of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming.  These were collected on our hike on Sheep Mountain.  (image: Joel Duff)

Young earth creationists greatly underestimate the fossil record when they tell their audiences that there are “billions of dead things buried in rock layers.”  The point, that there are huge numbers of fossils, is correct but billions is such an underwhelming number compared to the reality of the fossil record.  The vastness of the fossil record was driven […]

Wyoming Fossils: Coming to Grips with the Absurdity of the Flood Geology Model of Fossil Origins

redgulch-dinosaur-trackway-huntingforfossils

The sedimentary rocks of the Earth hold vast quantities of fossils.  Hundreds of years of observations have shown that these fossils are far from random in their distribution but rather they appear in the geological column in a distinct pattern or order referred to as fossil succession.  How can we explain the observed distribution of fossils in the geological […]

Perceiving Age: Student’s Interpretations of the History of Craters on Mars

Another "young" crater on Mars. Notice the dark debris that has been strewn over the lighter "older" material.

Our perceptions of the age of a subject are frequently based on our common experience with similar subjects. Most people have some ability to guess the age of children with seemingly very little prior information.  We might call this ability to guess age our intuition but this “intuition” is the scientific method working automatically in our minds.  Our […]

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson  http://formontana.net/glaciers.html

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of yearly events but some of the best records come from layers of sediment underlying some lakes which,  if formed under the right conditions, can be read like the annual rings of […]

The Ark Encounter: Depicting a Real Flood with Unrealistic Images

Ark-encounter-Flood-narrative-WatersPrevailonEarthcropped2

Guests at the Ark Encounter will observe many descriptions and artistic impressions of what happened before, during and just after Noah’s Flood.  One set of images was especially interesting to me because it visualized different stages of the Flood.  One panel which explains how the Flood waters prevailed over the highest mountains was particularly perplexing because of […]

Squeezing the Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt into the Young Earth Paradigm: An impossible* Task

Yellowstone Falls in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.  Photo: Joel Duff, June 2016.

In Egypt the Nile River Valley conceals a massive canyon that once was as deep and wide as the Grand Canyon in Arizona.  We have explored the origins of this lost canyon in the past three posts.   We found that geologists have described the origins of the canyon itself at the time of the Messinian Salinity […]

The Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt, Part III: A Brief Chronology of Events

Painting, by Carlo Mancini, of the Great Pyramids on the distant shore of the Nile River. By Jean-Marc Pascolo (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (creativecommons.o...], via Wikimedia Commons

A massive canyon lays hidden below the Nile Valley in Egypt.  In Part II we looked as how this massive canyon was formed. Before we go on to look a bit deeper into this canyon and how it fits into Biblical chronology lets look at the chronological sequence of historical events – according to the consensus of geological […]

The Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt, Part II: Origins of the Nile River Valley

The Meditteranean basin showing where major salt formations are found.  From:  Ryan, W. B. F., Decoding the Mediterranean salinity crisis. Sedimentology 56, 95-136 (2008). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2008.01031.x

A meandering river on a wide river plain running through Egypt is the site of one of the best-known civilizations in history.  But the Nile Valley has a deep secret.  A huge canyon lies directly under the Nile Valley that attests to a time long before the Egyptians came to inhabit the fertile valley floor. How could […]

The Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt: Another Monument to an Ancient Earth

One "gooseneck" at Goosenecks of the San Juan Sate Park in Utah.  Mid-afternoon late July 2013

The Grand Canyon is one of the best-know geological formations on earth.  Today I want to introduce you to another canyon you have probably never heard of.   I call this canyon the lost grand canyon of Egypt.  Through a series of four posts I will introduce you to this amazing canyon and demonstrate that it […]

Cave with Structures Made from Stalagmites Another Problem for YEC Chronology

cavestructurestalags

It seems like every month there is an amazing new discovery of ancient human activities.  Last week it was revealed that “structures” built from stalagmites deep – more than 1000 feet – in a French cave are much older than previously thought.  You can read about these strange structures in many places. I found this article in The Atlantic to be […]