The Ark Encounter’s Hyper-evolutionary Model Underestimates Speciation Rates

How many animals did Noah preserve on the Ark?  I often see critics of young-earth creationists (YECs) challenge Noah’s Ark with the question, how could Noah have fit all two million species on the ark?   When I see this challenge posed on Facebook or Twitter it is invariably coming from an individual that knows very […]

Natural Pitfall Traps: Preserving a History of Unfortunate Events

You can learn a lot from a series of unfortunate events.  Collapsed caves can leave entry holes on the surface that become hazards to local fauna.  The image below is from inside a famous natural pitfall trap in Wyoming. The surface above is rather flat and prey running from a predator sometimes fall into this hole […]

Ancient Genomes Reveal Horses have been Horses for a Long Time

In 2013 a remarkable DNA sequence was reported by geneticists studying ancient DNA.  It was a nearly complete genome extracted and decoded from the remains of a tooth of a horse preserved in permafrost sediments in Alaska.  This partially-fossilized horse was dated to more than 500,000 years old and is the most complete sequence of […]

Horsing Around with Genetic Sorting: Horse Series Part IV

Are modern horse species descendants of a small dog-sized common ancestor or do all fossil horse-like species represent unique creations? For many, this dichotomous choice may sound like a setup to test if a person is an atheist evolutionist or a bible believing Christian.  However, we previously noted that this is a question that literal […]

In Search of the Equine Common Ancestor: Horse Series Part III

In our last installment of this series, When is a Horse a Horse? we recognized that the living species of equines (horses, zebras, donkeys etc..) represent groups of genetically divergent individuals that naturally do not interbreed on a regular basis.  Each of these lineages of equines is behaving as a species as defined by the biological species concept.  This raises the […]

What is a Horse? A Horse is a Horse, Unless of Course it isn’t a Horse

“A horse is a horse, of course, of course, and no one can talk to a horse, of course, unless, of course, the horse, of course, is the famous Mr. Ed!”  From the introduction to the 1960s TV show “Mr Ed” No one disputes that Mr. Ed was a horse but what about the plains […]

Pterosaurs and the Inevitable Road to Extinction–A Young-Earth Creationist’ View of the Rapid Loss of Biodiversity on Earth

We are currently in the midst of an extinction crisis.  Species are disappearing at an ever-accelerating pace. It is striking that not long ago the idea that any species could go extinct was unthinkable.  Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) was one of the first to suggest that extinction was a possibility. But during Leclerc’s […]

A Young-Earth Mystery: If Dinosaurs and Humans Lived Together Before the Flood, Where are the Fossils?

If a global Flood destroyed all humans except Noah and his family just 4350 years ago, why don’t we find human fossils in the same layers of rock believed to be set down by Noah’s Flood? This is a perfectly natural and appropriate question for a young-earth creationist (YEC) to ask. After all, according to […]

The Ark Encounter Sits on a Foundation Made of Trillions of Fossils

The Ark Encounter theme park in Kentucky is literally built on trillions of dead things.  This fact would seem to support Ken Ham’s popular response to what we would expect had the world been subject to a global flood: “Billions of dead things in rock layers…”   But the fossils that form the foundation of his Ark park […]

The Lost World of South American Ungulates: A YEC Ungulate Problem

Life is incredibly diverse.  Millions of species fill the seas, land and skies of our planetary home.  It seems as if there is no end to the discovery of new animals, plants and other life forms.  As a biologist who teaches a class about plant diversity, I can always count on discovering a new group of plants […]

Dragon Tales, Dinosaurs, UFOs and the Creation Museum

Since its inception, one of the Creation Museum’s most provocative exhibits has been one that places dinosaurs and man side by side.  Likewise, the Noah’s Ark attraction, The Ark Encounter, depicts a scene from the pre-Flood world in which dinosaurs are fighting men and women in an roman-like arena.  While these scenes are anachronistic to […]

Fossil Insect Borings in Dinosaur Bones: Ecosystem Preservation During a Global Flood?

Every day dozens of articles are published that contain evidence that runs contrary to the young-earth creationist’ (YEC) view of earth’s history.  The young-earth view proposes that much or most of the thousands of feet of fossil bearing rocks—and the fossils themselves—that make up the world’s land masses were deposited during a single catastrophic world-wide […]

When Flightless Birds Ruled the Land: The “Terror” Birds of the New World

Dinosaurs and large mammals, like mammoths, get all the attention, but the fossil record is full of amazing animals from ages past that haven’t yet been brought to the public eye through a Pixar movie.  Such is the case of the so-called “terror birds” of South America. The terror birds are a group of birds […]

How Have Young-Earth Creationists Responded to Feathered Dinosaurs?

In 2016 fossilized remains of feathers attached to a bony tail preserved in a 99 million year old amber fossil captured international attention. This wasn’t the first time that feathers have been found in amber but earlier feather discoveries were of feathers by themselves. This time unmistakable feathers were found attached to a structure which […]

Ken Ham on Dinosaur Extinction, De-extinction, DNA, and Dino-Bird Distinctions

Can scientists bring back an extinct dinosaur?  Way back in 1990, a novel by Michael Crichton and subsequent movie by the same name, Jurassic Park, in 1993 used futuristic genomic biology to suggest how we might de-extinct the dinosaurs. Could we really retrieve dinosaur DNA from preserved dinosaur blood sucked up by an ancient mosquito and […]