A Young-Earth Mystery: If Dinosaurs and Humans Lived Together Before the Flood, Where are the Fossils?

If a global Flood destroyed all humans except Noah and his family just 4350 years ago, why don’t we find human fossils in the same layers of rock believed to be set down by Noah’s Flood? This is a perfectly natural and appropriate question for a young-earth creationist (YEC) to ask. After all, according to […]

The Ark Encounter Sits on a Foundation Made of Trillions of Fossils

The Ark Encounter theme park in Kentucky is literally built on trillions of dead things.  This fact would seem to support Ken Ham’s popular response to what we would expect had the world been subject to a global flood: “Billions of dead things in rock layers…”   But the fossils that form the foundation of his Ark park […]

The Lost World of South American Ungulates: A YEC Ungulate Problem

Life is incredibly diverse.  Millions of species fill the seas, land and skies of our planetary home.  It seems as if there is no end to the discovery of new animals, plants and other life forms.  As a biologist who teaches a class about plant diversity, I can always count on discovering a new group of plants […]

Dragon Tales, Dinosaurs, UFOs and the Creation Museum

Since its inception, one of the Creation Museum’s most provocative exhibits has been one that places dinosaurs and man side by side.  Likewise, the Noah’s Ark attraction, The Ark Encounter, depicts a scene from the pre-Flood world in which dinosaurs are fighting men and women in an roman-like arena.  While these scenes are anachronistic to […]

Fossil Insect Borings in Dinosaur Bones: Ecosystem Preservation During a Global Flood?

Every day dozens of articles are published that contain evidence that runs contrary to the young-earth creationist’ (YEC) view of earth’s history.  The young-earth view proposes that much or most of the thousands of feet of fossil bearing rocks—and the fossils themselves—that make up the world’s land masses were deposited during a single catastrophic world-wide […]

When Flightless Birds Ruled the Land: The “Terror” Birds of the New World

Dinosaurs and large mammals, like mammoths, get all the attention, but the fossil record is full of amazing animals from ages past that haven’t yet been brought to the public eye through a Pixar movie.  Such is the case of the so-called “terror birds” of South America. The terror birds are a group of birds […]

How Have Young-Earth Creationists Responded to Feathered Dinosaurs?

In 2016 fossilized remains of feathers attached to a bony tail preserved in a 99 million year old amber fossil captured international attention. This wasn’t the first time that feathers have been found in amber but earlier feather discoveries were of feathers by themselves. This time unmistakable feathers were found attached to a structure which […]

Ken Ham on Dinosaur Extinction, De-extinction, DNA, and Dino-Bird Distinctions

Can scientists bring back an extinct dinosaur?  Way back in 1990, a novel by Michael Crichton and subsequent movie by the same name, Jurassic Park, in 1993 used futuristic genomic biology to suggest how we might de-extinct the dinosaurs. Could we really retrieve dinosaur DNA from preserved dinosaur blood sucked up by an ancient mosquito and […]

Wyoming Fossils: Coming to Grips with the Absurdity of the Flood Geology Model of Fossil Origins

The sedimentary rocks of the Earth hold vast quantities of fossils.  Hundreds of years of careful observations have shown that fossils are far from random in their distribution but rather they appear in the geological column in a distinct pattern or order referred to as fossil succession.  How can we explain the observed distribution of fossils in the […]

Origins and Extinctions: A Lesson from the Penguins of the Northern Hemisphere

Question:  What kind of bird is flightless, waddles standing upright on the ground, is an excellent swimmer, breeds in colonies on rocky shores, lives on a diet of fish and has a white belly and black back, and most importantly is not a penguin? The answer: The extinct great auk. You can think of the […]

Pulling Teeth and Plucking Feathers – Ancient Birds and Young-Earth Creationists

A few weeks ago I criticized Ken Ham and several of his Answers in Genesis’ colleagues for stating that some living birds have teeth like those of fossil birds.  I pointed out that none of the 10,000 living bird species produce true teeth. However, there were some birds that lived alongside dinosaurs during the Cretaceous […]

Fossil Footprints Discovered on the Roof of a South African Cave: Geological Context of Human Fossils VI

Can human footprints made in wet sand dunes be preserved as fossils? The discovery of up to thirty-five human (1) footprints on the roof of a small coastal cave says “yes.” Footprints on the roof of a cave? How does that happen? I wondered that too when I first heard about this remarkable discovery. The […]

If it Walks Like a Duck… Ken Ham Doubles Down on His Misunderstanding of Bird Fossils

Not long ago I wrote this post criticizing Ken Ham and his research team for their outright errors and misinformed understanding of ancient fossil birds. Subsequently, Ken Ham, with help from his research team, penned a second blog post entitled, “The Duck-Relative That’s Just a Duck.” In that article Ken Ham doesn’t correct his erroneous comparison of […]

Penguin “Teeth” and “Modern” Birds: Ken Ham’s Misinformed Understanding of Fossil Birds

Errors repeated often enough take on the appearance of truth. This is what makes fake news so effective.   It can drown out informed opinion and accurate information.  At the root of many fake new stories are pieces of information that are either outright false but possibly surrounded with true statements or the facts they report […]

A Flock of Genomes Reveals the Toothy Ancestry of Birds

A tidal wave of genomic information seems to wash up on shore each year.   In 2014, an especially large wave – in those days long ago! – came ashore in the form of 45 entire genome sequences of birds.   The relevance of these genomes and their hundreds of billions of letters of code representing all […]