Recent Articles


Wyoming Fossils: Coming to Grips with the Absurdity of the Flood Geology Model of Fossil Origins

The sedimentary rocks of the Earth hold vast quantities of fossils.  Hundreds of years of observations have shown that these fossils are far from … [Continue reading...]


The Ark Encounter: A Presentation at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting

Take a tour of the Ark Encounter with a geologist, paleontologist and myself in this YouTube presentation.  In July I visited the Ark Encounter with … [Continue reading...]


Hiking through the Jurassic Period in Wyoming: A Sheep Mountain Fossil Hunt

This summer two of my sons and I took a hike through the Jurassic time period.  Near Greybull, Wyoming is a long ridge called Sheep Mountain. … [Continue reading...]

Another "young" crater on Mars. Notice the dark debris that has been strewn over the lighter "older" material.

Perceiving Age: Student’s Interpretations of the History of Craters on Mars

Our perceptions of the age of a subject are frequently based on our common experience with similar subjects. Most people have some ability to guess … [Continue reading...]


Walking in the Footprints of Giants: The Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite in Wyoming

Scattered across the upper surface of a hard layer of limestone in the badlands of the Bighorn Basin in Wyoming are the tell-tale signs of dinosaur … [Continue reading...]

Comparison of material emitted for a number of famous volcanic eruptions. All the ones that emitted 100 cubic kilometers or more and considered super-eruptions.    Toba has erupted more than once but the one shown is the youngest.   Image credit: USGS -

The Toba Super-Eruption: The Global Catastrophe that Creationists Ignore

Sudden catastrophic events are not unknown in Earth’s history.  Large craters are evidence of past cosmic impacts.  Widespread layers of volcanic ash are a testimony of massive … [Read More...]


Finding Mars on Earth: A Conversation about Martian Meteorites

Maybe you missed it last week with all the excitement of  the pictures from Curiosity and its analysis of the rocks on Mars (See my last post: Curious Geology: Stunning Images … [Read More...]

The chebli9ska meteorite atmospheric explosion as caught on dashcam of truck..

The YDB Event: The Most Recent Global Catastrophe in Human History?

Remember the meteor that exploded over Russia earlier this year?  A 50 foot diameter object exploded 14 miles above the surface of the earth and created a shock wave that injured … [Read More...]


The Frequently Overlooked Geological Context of Hominid Fossils

The human fossil record is probably one of these least understood yet frequently discussed topics in the Christian church.  I have neither the expertise nor the desire to attempt … [Read More...]

An interpretive drawing of William Buckland crawling into Kirkdale Cave where he found extinct cave hyenas and the remains of their prey. Drawn by Buckland’s friend William Conybeare.

William Buckland: Minister and Geologist Grappling with Fossil Feces, Deep Time and the Age of Reptiles

The Reverend William Buckland (1784-1856) was one of the last in a line of influential natural theologians following in the footsteps of John Ray (late 1600s) and William Paley … [Read More...]


NH Notes: Todd Wood on Creationism and the Origin of Species

If you have followed my blog for the past six months you know that I have been discussing the … [Read More...]


Remnants of a Shallow Sea: A Visit to Monument Rocks in Kansas

In remote western Kansas, groups of rock pillars stand like a natural Stonehenge over the grassy … [Read More...]


The Origin of the YEC Hyper-Speciation Model of Biological Diversity

Young earth creationists (YECs) are the most vocal skeptics of evolutionary theory, however, they … [Read More...]

A screenshot of the HMS bacterial evolution video.  Here they show where important mutations occurred in some lineages of bacteria.  A change in color indicates that a mutation changed the DNA code.   Image: HMS video, see credits on screenshot below.

A Vivid Demonstration of Bacteria Adapting to Antibiotics via Mutations and Selection

The fact that bacteria are able to develop resistance to antibiotics has been a textbook example of … [Read More...]


My Trip to the Ark Encounter: Some Pictures and Reflections

Just 10 days after the grand opening of the Ark Encounter on July 7th, I traveled down to … [Read More...]

Creationism and the Church


The Ark Encounter: A Presentation at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting

Take a tour of the Ark Encounter with a geologist, paleontologist and myself in this YouTube presentation.  In July I … [Read More...]


The Origin of the YEC Hyper-Speciation Model of Biological Diversity

Young earth creationists (YECs) are the most vocal skeptics of evolutionary theory, however, they recognize organisms do … [Read More...]


The Ark Encounter: Depicting a Real Flood with Unrealistic Images

Guests at the Ark Encounter will observe many descriptions and artistic impressions of what happened before, during and … [Read More...]


Ken Ham’s Ark Encounter Opens to a Flood of Press but Fewer Visitors than Anticipated

Ken Ham posts a picture and comment almost daily on Twitter about the thousands or of visitors that are flocking to the … [Read More...]

That's me on a recent walk near my home in Ohio.  Image: tripod HDR selfie.

Blocked from Facebook – ICR Removes Another Form of Peer-Review

I am now blocked from commenting on the Facebook page of the Institute of Creation Research (ICR).  This was … [Read More...]

NH Favorites

Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of yearly events but some … .


Dodging Darwin: How Ken Ham’s Ark Encounter is Slowly Embracing Evolution

Please welcome David MacMillan* as a guest author today on Naturalis Historia.**  As the strict young-earth creationists at Answers in Genesis work to complete their Ark Encounter "theme park," … .


Bones of Contention II: Ape, Human or Fraud? Young Earth Creationists Respond to the Dinaledi Chamber Fossil Discovery

The largest collection of hominin bones ever found in Africa is causing massive waves in the anthropological world and beyond. When it was first announced, I wrote about how I thought some creationist … .

This photo provided by National Geographic from their October 2015 issue shows a composite skeleton of Homo naledi surrounded by some of the hundreds of other fossil elements recovered from the Rising Star cave in South Africa, photographed at the Evolutionary Studies Institute of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. In an announcement made Thursday, Sept. 10, 2015, scientists say the fossils revealed the new member of the human family tree. The expedition team was led by Lee Berger of the university. (Robert Clark/National Geographic, Lee Berger/University of the Witwatersrand via AP) IMAGE MUST INCLUDE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC LOGO; CROPPING NOT PERMITTED; MANDATORY CREDIT: "ROBERT CLARK/NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, LEE BERGER/UNIVERSITY OF THE WITWATERSRAND" Photo: Robert Clark, AP

Bones of Contention: How Will Creationists Respond To A Huge New Hominid Fossil Find?

Where no animal except a lost owl and rodent has ever found themselves, through skinny passages that I could not fit through, laying on or just under fine sediments, the partially fossilized bones of … .

Yours truly looking reflective while a member of a panel discussion at a conference last week in Guatemala. I am probably just having a hard time answering an off-the-wall question posed by an audience member. Fortunately I was allowed to speak at this conference and had a wonderful time with a very engaging audience.

Reflections on a Young Earth Creationist’ Approach to Scientific Apologetics

A few weeks ago I was a scheduled to present several lectures as part of a course offered by Veritas Theological Seminary in Santa Ana, California.  The course title was Scientific Apologetics: The … .

Wisdom from the Past


Testing Book-smarts with Observation: John Ray (1735) on the Value of Knowledge Creation

Should professors at Universities be active participants in generating and testing ideas or should they be content to be teachers of what is already known? Most higher educational institutions, such … .

Snail shell, San Diego CA. Photo: Joel Duff 2014

John Ray on Flood Geology in 1695: Words that Still Apply Today

Modern young-earth creationism has deep roots.  The essential elements of flood geology were established in the 1600s though much of what passed as flood geology at that time might be difficult to … .

Sunflower struck by the suns rays at sunrise. Late summer in northeast Ohio.  Photo by Joel Duff

NH Notes: John Ray on the Purpose of Creation in “The Wisdom of God”

The Englishman and natural historian John Ray is best known for his book, The Wisdom of God.  Like many other books of the 18th century, he continually revised and reissued his book until the time of … .


NH Notes: The Scientific Enterprise and Paradise Gained

I’m sitting in the Boston Airport on my way to a conference at Gordon College but I have enough time for a natural history note while I wait for a colleague to arrive.  On my flight from Ohio I read … .

Sir Isaac Newton (16??

Isaac Newton on the Mosaic Account of Creation

In Cotton Mather’s Biblical commentary Biblia Americana  Mather spends considerable time discussing the issues raised by science especially geology with respect to the Mosaic account of Genesis.  I … .