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Historical Science: How do We Know a Fish Fossil is a Fish Fossil?

The difference between what young earth creationists like to term "operational" or "observational" science and historical science doesn't have the … [Continue reading...]

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John Ray in 1695: The Flood, Fossils, and Extinction

John Ray, one of England's greatest 17th century natural theologians, spent much time pondering the meaning of fossils or "formed stones" as they were … [Continue reading...]

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The Ark Encounter Fossil Sluice: A Missed Educational Opportunity

The Ark Encounter in Kentucky is built on a foundation of trillions of fossils but when they built a new activity to allow visitors to find their own … [Continue reading...]

I made this image to show that the Ark is built on top of fossil-filled rock.  That is a natural resource they don't seem to be interested in using.

The Ark Encounter Sits on a Foundation Made of Trillions of Fossils

The Ark Encounter theme park in Kentucky is literally built on trillions of dead things.  This fact would seem to support Ken Ham's popular … [Continue reading...]

Don't worry I left a few for everyone else.  I collected just a few of the quadrillions of belemnite fossils that are contained in rocks of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming.  These were collected on our hike on Sheep Mountain.  (image: Joel Duff)

Quadrillions, Quintillions and Beyond: The Vast Fossil Record Refutes the Flood Geology Hypothesis

Young earth creationists greatly underestimate the fossil record when they tell their audiences that there are "billions of dead things buried in rock … [Continue reading...]

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Finding Mars on Earth: A Conversation about Martian Meteorites

Maybe you missed it last week with all the excitement of  the pictures from Curiosity and its analysis of the rocks on Mars (See my last post: Curious Geology: Stunning Images … [Read More...]

Comparison of material emitted for a number of famous volcanic eruptions. All the ones that emitted 100 cubic kilometers or more and considered super-eruptions.    Toba has erupted more than once but the one shown is the youngest.   Image credit: USGS - http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/images/pglossary/eruptionsize.php

The Toba Super-Eruption: The Global Catastrophe that Creationists Ignore

Sudden catastrophic events are not unknown in Earth’s history.  Large craters are evidence of past cosmic impacts.  Widespread layers of volcanic ash are a testimony of massive … [Read More...]

The chebli9ska meteorite atmospheric explosion as caught on dashcam of truck..

The YDB Event: The Most Recent Global Catastrophe in Human History?

Remember the meteor that exploded over Russia earlier this year?  A 50 foot diameter object exploded 14 miles above the surface of the earth and created a shock wave that injured … [Read More...]

Remains of 15 baby dinosaurs in a nest. Click to enlarge this image. Image credit: Dr. Kh. Tsogtbaatar

Juvenile Dinosaurs Found Huddling in a Nest: A Local or Global Catastrophe?

We live in a new golden age of fossil discoveries.  It seems that every week a new and dramatic fossil find is revealed.  This fossil renaissance can be attributed to the opening … [Read More...]

Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson  http://formontana.net/glaciers.html

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of … [Read More...]

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The Ark Encounter: A Presentation at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting

Take a tour of the Ark Encounter with a geologist, paleontologist and myself in this YouTube … [Read More...]

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Hiking through the Jurassic Period in Wyoming: A Sheep Mountain Fossil Hunt

This summer two of my sons and I took a hike through the Jurassic time period.  Near Greybull, … [Read More...]

Another "young" crater on Mars. Notice the dark debris that has been strewn over the lighter "older" material.

Perceiving Age: Student’s Interpretations of the History of Craters on Mars

Our perceptions of the age of a subject are frequently based on our common experience with similar … [Read More...]

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Walking in the Footprints of Giants: The Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite in Wyoming

Scattered across the upper surface of a hard layer of limestone in the badlands of the Bighorn Basin … [Read More...]

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NH Notes: Todd Wood on Creationism and the Origin of Species

If you have followed my blog for the past six months you know that I have been discussing the … [Read More...]

Creationism and the Church

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The Ark Encounter: A Presentation at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting

Take a tour of the Ark Encounter with a geologist, paleontologist and myself in this YouTube presentation.  In July I … [Read More...]

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The Origin of the YEC Hyper-Speciation Model of Biological Diversity

Young earth creationists (YECs) are the most vocal skeptics of evolutionary theory, however, they recognize organisms do … [Read More...]

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The Ark Encounter: Depicting a Real Flood with Unrealistic Images

Guests at the Ark Encounter will observe many descriptions and artistic impressions of what happened before, during and … [Read More...]

Ark-encounter-joel-lakeshotJuly2016

Ken Ham’s Ark Encounter Opens to a Flood of Press but Fewer Visitors than Anticipated

Ken Ham posts a picture and comment almost daily on Twitter about the thousands or of visitors that are flocking to the … [Read More...]

That's me on a recent walk near my home in Ohio.  Image: tripod HDR selfie.

Blocked from Facebook – ICR Removes Another Form of Peer-Review

I am now blocked from commenting on the Facebook page of the Institute of Creation Research (ICR).  This was … [Read More...]

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Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson  http://formontana.net/glaciers.html

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of yearly events but some … .

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Dodging Darwin: How Ken Ham’s Ark Encounter is Slowly Embracing Evolution

Please welcome David MacMillan* as a guest author today on Naturalis Historia.**  As the strict young-earth creationists at Answers in Genesis work to complete their Ark Encounter "theme park," … .

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Bones of Contention II: Ape, Human or Fraud? Young Earth Creationists Respond to the Dinaledi Chamber Fossil Discovery

The largest collection of hominin bones ever found in Africa is causing massive waves in the anthropological world and beyond. When it was first announced, I wrote about how I thought some creationist … .

This photo provided by National Geographic from their October 2015 issue shows a composite skeleton of Homo naledi surrounded by some of the hundreds of other fossil elements recovered from the Rising Star cave in South Africa, photographed at the Evolutionary Studies Institute of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. In an announcement made Thursday, Sept. 10, 2015, scientists say the fossils revealed the new member of the human family tree. The expedition team was led by Lee Berger of the university. (Robert Clark/National Geographic, Lee Berger/University of the Witwatersrand via AP) IMAGE MUST INCLUDE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC LOGO; CROPPING NOT PERMITTED; MANDATORY CREDIT: "ROBERT CLARK/NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, LEE BERGER/UNIVERSITY OF THE WITWATERSRAND" Photo: Robert Clark, AP

Bones of Contention: How Will Creationists Respond To A Huge New Hominid Fossil Find?

Where no animal except a lost owl and rodent has ever found themselves, through skinny passages that I could not fit through, laying on or just under fine sediments, the partially fossilized bones of … .

Yours truly looking reflective while a member of a panel discussion at a conference last week in Guatemala. I am probably just having a hard time answering an off-the-wall question posed by an audience member. Fortunately I was allowed to speak at this conference and had a wonderful time with a very engaging audience.

Reflections on a Young Earth Creationist’ Approach to Scientific Apologetics

A few weeks ago I was a scheduled to present several lectures as part of a course offered by Veritas Theological Seminary in Santa Ana, California.  The course title was Scientific Apologetics: The … .

Wisdom from the Past

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John Ray in 1695: The Flood, Fossils, and Extinction

John Ray, one of England's greatest 17th century natural theologians, spent much time pondering the meaning of fossils or "formed stones" as they were called then.  I have shared some of his thoughts … .

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Testing Book-smarts with Observation: John Ray (1735) on the Value of Knowledge Creation

Should professors at Universities be active participants in generating and testing ideas or should they be content to be teachers of what is already known? Most higher educational institutions, such … .

Snail shell, San Diego CA. Photo: Joel Duff 2014

John Ray on Flood Geology in 1695: Words that Still Apply Today

Modern young-earth creationism has deep roots.  The essential elements of flood geology were established in the 1600s though much of what passed as flood geology at that time might be difficult to … .

Sunflower struck by the suns rays at sunrise. Late summer in northeast Ohio.  Photo by Joel Duff

NH Notes: John Ray on the Purpose of Creation in “The Wisdom of God”

The Englishman and natural historian John Ray is best known for his book, The Wisdom of God.  Like many other books of the 18th century, he continually revised and reissued his book until the time of … .

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NH Notes: The Scientific Enterprise and Paradise Gained

I’m sitting in the Boston Airport on my way to a conference at Gordon College but I have enough time for a natural history note while I wait for a colleague to arrive.  On my flight from Ohio I read … .