John Ray in 1695: The Flood, Fossils, and Extinction

fossil-butte-visitor-center-leaves

John Ray, one of England’s greatest 17th century natural theologians, spent much time pondering the meaning of fossils or “formed stones” as they were called then.  I have shared some of his thoughts about fossils and Earth’s history before (See:  John Ray on Flood Geology: Words that Still Apply Today).   In a correspondence with […]

John Ray on Flood Geology in 1695: Words that Still Apply Today

Snail shell, San Diego CA. Photo: Joel Duff 2014

Modern young-earth creationism has deep roots.  The essential elements of flood geology were established in the 1600s though much of what passed as flood geology at that time might be difficult to recognize today.  One thing that hasn’t changed is the style of rhetoric frequently used to promote flood geology to the general public. To […]

Ray to Lhwyd in 1695 continued: Fossils and the Flood

Nodule containing fern fossil (click for larger image)

The same letter of Ray’s to Lhwyd in 1695 that I posted recently goes on to explain Ray’s feelings about the new flood theories that were being promoted in the late 1600s and some observations on fossils.    The letter reveals Ray’s reading of the prevailing interpretation of the flood narratives of Genesis in his day.  […]

John Ray on Woodward in 1695: Words that still apply today

Illustration of the building of Noah's Ark from The Nuremberg Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514)

The following quote is by John Ray from a correspondence with Mr. Edward Lhwyd on April 8 1695.   The quote is from a publication of Ray’s letters called the Further Correspondence of John Ray Edited by Robert W. T. Gunther and printed for the Ray Society in 1928. I need to set the scene for […]