Recent Articles

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How Rare are Stone Age Artifacts? A Visit to a Stone Tool-Making Center at Kathu, South Africa

Hundreds of millions and possibly billions of stone artifacts sit just under parking lots and homes in Kathu, South Africa.  Artifacts in this area … [Continue reading...]

Image credit: Julie McMahon / University of Illinois

A Flock of Genomes Reveals the Toothy Ancestry of Birds

A tidal wave of genomic information came ashore this week in the form of 45 new genome sequences of birds. In a series of papers released in Science … [Continue reading...]

The dumbbell shaped Comet 67P.  The Rosetta satellite is presently orbiting this comet as is passes around the Sun.  Image:  Planetary Society/ESA

The Case of the Shrinking Comet and the Age of the Universe

Ten years after launching, the European Space Agency Rosetta spacecraft finally caught up to its target, Comet 67P.   Rosetta, now 250 million miles … [Continue reading...]

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Origins of the Dead Sea, Part VII: Mt. Sodom – A Huge Pile Salt

Rising out of the plain at the south end of the Dead Sea Valley is a billion-ton mountain of salt.  An eight-mile long, three-mile wide, 742-foot tall … [Continue reading...]

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Ancient DNA Redux: 700-Year-Old Virus Resurrected from Frozen Caribou Dung

Under nine feet of ice, frozen for 700 years, from DNA extracted from bits of caribou dung, a viral genome has been recovered and brought back to … [Continue reading...]

An interpretive drawing of William Buckland crawling into Kirkdale Cave where he found extinct cave hyenas and the remains of their prey. Drawn by Buckland’s friend William Conybeare.

William Buckland: Minister and Geologist Grappling with Fossil Feces, Deep Time and the Age of Reptiles

The Reverend William Buckland (1784-1856) was one of the last in a line of influential natural theologians following in the footsteps of John Ray (late 1600s) and William Paley … [Read More...]

Malapa Cave cartoon.  Courtesy Lee R. Berger.  Illustration by Paul Dirks.

The Frequently Overlooked Geological Context of Hominid Fossils

The human fossil record is probably one of these least understood and talked about topics in the church.  I have neither the expertise or desire to stride into the debate over … [Read More...]

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Finding Mars on Earth: A Conversation about Martian Meteorites

Maybe you missed it last week with all the excitement of  the pictures from Curiosity and its analysis of the rocks on Mars (See my last post: Curious Geology: Stunning Images … [Read More...]

Remains of 15 baby dinosaurs in a nest. Click to enlarge this image. Image credit: Dr. Kh. Tsogtbaatar

Juvenile Dinosaurs Found Huddling in a Nest: A Local or Global Catastrophe?

We live in a new golden age of fossil discoveries.  It seems that every week a new and dramatic fossil find is revealed.  This fossil renaissance can be attributed to the opening … [Read More...]

The chebli9ska meteorite atmospheric explosion as caught on dashcam of truck..

The YDB Event: The Most Recent Global Catastrophe in Human History?

Remember the meteor that exploded over Russia earlier this year?  A 50 foot diameter object exploded 14 miles above the surface of the earth and created a shock wave that injured … [Read More...]

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Curiosity Rover Update: Driving into a Sedimentary Wonderland on Mars

The Mars Curiosity Rover continues to make its way through the basin of Gale Crater on Mars.  I've … [Read More...]

The Ebola Virus. Like most viruses, the Ebola virus is not a cell but rather just a protein capsule with a very small genome (a single strand of RNA in this case rather than DNA as found in all "living" things).

Fossil Virus Found in Hamsters Points to an Ancient Origin of Ebola Virus

The Ebola virus has captured headlines around the world.  One of the big questions that I see being … [Read More...]

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Sodom, Gomorrah, and the Seismic History of the Dead Sea: Support for Biblical History – Yes! Support for a Young Earth – No! The Origins of the Dead Sea, Part VI

The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is a vividly recorded event in the early chapters of Genesis. … [Read More...]

Recent  (ie. couple hundred years) sediments deposited by the Dead Sea but now above water level because of the receding lake.  You can see clear ripples from when the water was fairly shallow forming ripples that were then covered by salts or sediments that covered over the ripples.  This image is from the Wooster College Geology blog.  Other great pictures and descriptions of Dead Sea sediments can be found here: http://woostergeologists.scotblogs.wooster.edu/2012/03/17/dead-sea-sediments-and-some-impressive-seismites/

Origins of the Dead Sea, Part V: All Dried Up – No Room for a Dry Dead Sea in the Young Earth Timeline

Previously we saw that the Jordan Valley once was full of water.  Now we ask, has the Dead Sea ever … [Read More...]

Eroson of Lake Lisan sediments.  http://www.efratnakash.com/galleries_l_pics/israel/the_dead_sea/13-4313.jpg

Origins of the Dead Sea, Part IV: Lake Lisan – The Jordan Valley Under Water

Today the Dead Sea has shrunk to modern historical lows of 1400 feet below sea level. The Sea of … [Read More...]

Creationism and the Church

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The Never Ending Debate: Ken Ham’s Obsession with Bill Nye

Do you remember the debate between Bill Nye and Ken Ham back in February? Probably, but if it is becoming a hazy memory … [Read More...]

Grate over Death Trap Cave entrance.

NH Notes: Natural Trap Cave – An Ice Age Fauna Snapshot

A 15-foot-wide metal grate covers a hole in a bare rock outcrop in the high desert of the Bighorn Mountains of Wyoming.  … [Read More...]

Plants? from the Voynich manuscript from the 15th century.  The meaning of the images and text are still unknown.

Plants and the Biblical Definition of Life: What is Life – Part II

Are plants alive? Ken Ham seems to think so since he refers to “animal or plant life in outer space.”  But what does he … [Read More...]

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NH Notes: Creationist Influence on Biblical Study Tools

Is a "kind" defined by a common gene pool?  Is a "behemoth" a reference to a dinosaur?  You might think so based on a … [Read More...]

Is this alien life?  It may look alien to you but this is a reconstruction of life on our own planet from the Cambrian Period based on fossils found.

Ken Ham’s Aversion to ‘Life’ on Other Planets, Part I – What is Life?

Ken Ham recently proclaimed that he thought it was highly unlikely that “plant life” would be found on other planets. I … [Read More...]

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A "young" crater on Mars.  This is a young crater about 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter. How young? The blocks of material ejected from the crater-digging impact sit on top of the sand ripples near the crater. This suggests, from the estimated age of the area's sand ripples, that the crater was formed within the past 100,000 years. The dark sand inside the crater attests to the mobility of fine sand in the recent era in this Meridiani Planum region of Mars.  Image credit NASA/JPL-Caltech

Historical Science and Perceptions of Age: Craters on Mars

Our perceptions of the age of an object are frequently based on our common experience but I have found that for many people those common experiences are of little help when it comes to examining … .

ants and beltian boides on acacia

The Prelapsarian Acacia and the Good Creation: On the Origin of Thorns

I've been thinking about acacia plants ever since I showed some pictures of them while leading a Sunday School class a few weeks back.   The point at the time was just to present some of the salient … .

Reconstruction of a 300 million year old permian forest found in China. None of the plants in this forest exist today though some fern-like trees have similarities to modern day tree ferns.

An Ancient and Alien Forest Reconstructed: A challenge for young earth creationism

Recent studies (see references below) of multiple intact fossilized forests provide a very detailed account of the presence of an seemingly alien forest that was found multiple locations across the … .

Dinosaur eggs found together in what was likely a nest.  Eggs like this have been found in clutches all around the world.

Fossil Eggs, Nests, Floods and Stressed Pregnant Dinosaurs

This is a follow-up to my previous post on the 15 juvenile dinosaur fossils found in a nest.   In that post I mentioned one of the explanations by flood geologists (ie. young earth creationists) for … .

Tree Rings

Apparent Age: Craters on Mars

This is the first in what will be a series of posts on the "apparent age" or "appearance of age" theory as an explanation for some of the features of the earth and cosmos. There is a long tradition … .

Wisdom from the Past

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NH Notes: The Scientific Enterprise and Paradise Gained

I’m sitting in the Boston Airport on my way to a conference at Gordon College but I have enough time for a natural history note while I wait for a colleague to arrive.  On my flight from Ohio I read … .

Sir Isaac Newton (16??

Isaac Newton on the Mosaic Account of Creation

In Cotton Mather’s Biblical commentary Biblia Americana  Mather spends considerable time discussing the issues raised by science especially geology with respect to the Mosaic account of Genesis.  I … .

Hubble telescope image of the Sombrero Galaxy

Ray on the Purpose of Creation in “The Wisdom of God”

John Ray's most famous work is  The Wisdom of God which, like many books at the time, he continually revised and reissued until the time of his death and then even after his death edits he had made to … .

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Ray to Llwyd: On Formed Stones and Mammalian Fossils

This is part of a continuing a series of posts on John Ray's correspondences.  Quotes are from the publication of Ray’s letters  (Further Correspondence of John Ray)  edited by Robert W. T. Gunther … .

Nodule containing fern fossil (click for larger image)

Ray to Lhwyd in 1695 continued: Fossils and the Flood

The same letter of Ray's to Lhwyd in 1695 that I posted recently goes on to explain Ray's feelings about the new flood theories that were being promoted in the late 1600s and some observations on … .

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