Wyoming Fossils: Coming to Grips with the Absurdity of the Flood Geology Model of Fossil Origins


The sedimentary rocks of the Earth hold vast quantities of fossils.  Hundreds of years of observations have shown that these fossils are far from random in their distribution but rather they appear in the geological column in a distinct pattern or order referred to as fossil succession.  How can we explain the observed distribution of fossils in the geological […]

The Ark Encounter: A Presentation at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting


Take a tour of the Ark Encounter with a geologist, paleontologist and myself in this YouTube presentation.  In July I visited the Ark Encounter with geologist Dr. Kent Ratajeski from The University of Kentucky.   After that trip Kent, myself and Dan Phelps (President of the Kentucky Paleontological Society) worked together – my contribution was rather […]

Hiking through the Jurassic Period in Wyoming: A Sheep Mountain Fossil Hunt


This summer two of my sons and I took a hike through the Jurassic time period.  Near Greybull, Wyoming is a long ridge called Sheep Mountain.  Geologically speaking, Sheep Mountain is an anticline which is a type of folded bedrock that has an arch-like shape with its oldest rocks at its core.  Because what are typically horizontal rock layers are here found tipped […]

Perceiving Age: Student’s Interpretations of the History of Craters on Mars

Another "young" crater on Mars. Notice the dark debris that has been strewn over the lighter "older" material.

Our perceptions of the age of a subject are frequently based on our common experience with similar subjects. Most people have some ability to guess the age of children with seemingly very little prior information.  We might call this ability to guess age our intuition but this “intuition” is the scientific method working automatically in our minds.  Our […]

Walking in the Footprints of Giants: The Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite in Wyoming


Scattered across the upper surface of a hard layer of limestone in the badlands of the Bighorn Basin in Wyoming are the tell-tale signs of dinosaur activity: footprints.  Over one thousand footprints have been identified here, most of them on one exposure of rock in a small gully in the Red Gulch region.  On our family vacation this […]

NH Notes: Todd Wood on Creationism and the Origin of Species


If you have followed my blog for the past six months you know that I have been discussing the feasibility of the young-earth creationist’ (YEC) rapid-speciation model which proposes that hundreds of thousands of species of plants and animals have been formed by natural selection in just the past couple thousand years (YEC Hyper-evolution article archive).  More […]

Remnants of a Shallow Sea: A Visit to Monument Rocks in Kansas


In remote western Kansas, groups of rock pillars stand like a natural Stonehenge over the grassy plains.  One such group of these pillars south of Oakley is named Monument Rocks.  Returning from our Wyoming and Colorado adventure, we stopped overnight in Scott City, Kansas just south of this interesting rock formation. The following morning we made our way along many […]

The Origin of the YEC Hyper-Speciation Model of Biological Diversity


Young earth creationists (YECs) are the most vocal skeptics of evolutionary theory, however, they recognize organisms do change over time.  But how much? Everyone agrees that organisms have the capacity to adapt to their environments. This adaptive ability can lead to the formation of isolated genetic lineages we identify as species.  Evolutionary theory posits that continued […]

A Vivid Demonstration of Bacteria Adapting to Antibiotics via Mutations and Selection

A screenshot of the HMS bacterial evolution video.  Here they show where important mutations occurred in some lineages of bacteria.  A change in color indicates that a mutation changed the DNA code.   Image: HMS video, see credits on screenshot below.

The fact that bacteria are able to develop resistance to antibiotics has been a textbook example of evolutionary processes in action.  Mutations and natural selection – two primary agents of change – work together to sculpt new genetic combinations allowing individuals to exploit resources unavailable to bacteria unable to resist antibiotic chemicals in their environment.   Now you can […]

My Trip to the Ark Encounter: Some Pictures and Reflections


Just 10 days after the grand opening of the Ark Encounter on July 7th, I traveled down to Kentucky to pay a visit to Ken Ham’s latest evangelistic outreach endeavor. It was a Friday and I arrived less than one hour after opening and spent the better part of six hours on the Ark Encounter premises.   […]

Ark Encounter Common Ancestors: The Increasing Inclusiveness of Biblical Kinds


Just how many animals where on Noah’s Ark according to 6-day creationists?  That answer has varied considerably over the past century.   With the completion of the Ark Encounter, the most visible attempt to show the feasibility of  preserving all land animal diversity from a global flood, more people are being exposed to a modern answer to […]

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson  http://formontana.net/glaciers.html

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of yearly events but some of the best records come from layers of sediment underlying some lakes which,  if formed under the right conditions, can be read like the annual rings of […]

A Creation Museum Speaker Asks: Do Animals Evolve?


What does it mean to evolve? What is natural selection? Where did the genetic variation come from that allows evolution to happen? Why are there so many species of animals today?  What can mutations do? These are some of the questions that Answers in Genesis speaker Bryan Osborne addressed at public talks given at the young-earth […]

The Ark Encounter: Depicting a Real Flood with Unrealistic Images


Guests at the Ark Encounter will observe many descriptions and artistic impressions of what happened before, during and just after Noah’s Flood.  One set of images was especially interesting to me because it visualized different stages of the Flood.  One panel which explains how the Flood waters prevailed over the highest mountains was particularly perplexing because of […]

The Young-Earth Hyper-evolution Hypothesis: A Collection of Critiques

A possible YEC hypothesis of ruminant evolution. Notice the massive bottleneck.

Ken Ham’s Ark Encounter presents it visitors with exhibits with odd-looking creatures and explains that just 4350 years ago these were the common ancestors of  animal species we know today.  How and when did this transformation of “kinds” into thousands of species happen? At present, the consensus among young-earth creationists is that Noah’s Ark contained far […]