Quadrillions, Quintillions and Beyond: The Vast Fossil Record Refutes the Flood Geology Hypothesis

Don't worry I left a few for everyone else.  I collected just a few of the quadrillions of belemnite fossils that are contained in rocks of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming.  These were collected on our hike on Sheep Mountain.  (image: Joel Duff)

Young earth creationists greatly underestimate the fossil record when they tell their audiences that there are “billions of dead things buried in rock layers.”  The point, that there are huge numbers of fossils, is correct but billions is such an underwhelming number compared to the reality of the fossil record.  The vastness of the fossil record was driven […]

Perceiving Age: Student’s Interpretations of the History of Craters on Mars

Another "young" crater on Mars. Notice the dark debris that has been strewn over the lighter "older" material.

Our perceptions of the age of a subject are frequently based on our common experience with similar subjects. Most people have some ability to guess the age of children with seemingly very little prior information.  We might call this ability to guess age our intuition but this “intuition” is the scientific method working automatically in our minds.  Our […]

A 60,000 Year Varve Record from Japan Refutes the Young-Earth Interpretation of Earth’s History

Varves in Montana - Photo credit Rod Benson  http://formontana.net/glaciers.html

Do places on Earth exist where annual records have been stored for tens of thousands of years and can be accessed today? Ice-cores and tree rings can preserve long records of yearly events but some of the best records come from layers of sediment underlying some lakes which,  if formed under the right conditions, can be read like the annual rings of […]

Squeezing the Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt into the Young Earth Paradigm: An impossible* Task

Yellowstone Falls in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.  Photo: Joel Duff, June 2016.

In Egypt the Nile River Valley conceals a massive canyon that once was as deep and wide as the Grand Canyon in Arizona.  We have explored the origins of this lost canyon in the past three posts.   We found that geologists have described the origins of the canyon itself at the time of the Messinian Salinity […]

The Lost Grand Canyon of Egypt, Part III: A Brief Chronology of Events

Painting, by Carlo Mancini, of the Great Pyramids on the distant shore of the Nile River. By Jean-Marc Pascolo (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (creativecommons.o...], via Wikimedia Commons

A massive canyon lays hidden below the Nile Valley in Egypt.  In Part II we looked as how this massive canyon was formed. Before we go on to look a bit deeper into this canyon and how it fits into Biblical chronology lets look at the chronological sequence of historical events – according to the consensus of geological […]

The Toba Super-Eruption: The Global Catastrophe that Creationists Ignore

Comparison of material emitted for a number of famous volcanic eruptions. All the ones that emitted 100 cubic kilometers or more and considered super-eruptions.    Toba has erupted more than once but the one shown is the youngest.   Image credit: USGS - http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/images/pglossary/eruptionsize.php

Sudden catastrophic events are not unknown in Earth’s history.  Large craters are evidence of past cosmic impacts.  Widespread layers of volcanic ash are a testimony of massive volcanic eruptions.   But when did these catastrophes occur and could they have impacted human history? Standard geological models place the largest catastrophic events many eons ago.  So long […]

2500 Year Old Human Footprints Discovered: Insight into the Formation of Fossil Footprints

If-drTSmith

Countless numbers of footprints made by hundreds of kinds of organisms are preserved in hundreds of individual layers of the geological column.   Millions of these tracks have been identified from just the tiny fraction of the rocks that are exposed at the surface of the Earth.   But how were so many footprints preserved? In conversations with […]

A Tale of Taphonomy: Clam Shrimp Fossils and the Age of the Earth

A clam shrimp.  This has a nearly clear carapace (the clam shells) and has a large number of eggs in its brood pouch over its back.

One of the great privileges of my job is that I get to participate on graduate student committees. This allows me to get up close and personal with data from a variety of sub-disciplines of biology that sometimes extend far from those of my particular expertise.  You know by now that I carry a particular […]

John Ray on Flood Geology in 1695: Words that Still Apply Today

Snail shell, San Diego CA. Photo: Joel Duff 2014

Modern young-earth creationism has deep roots.  The essential elements of flood geology were established in the 1600s though much of what passed as flood geology at that time might be difficult to recognize today.  One thing that hasn’t changed is the style of rhetoric frequently used to promote flood geology to the general public. To […]

A Strange Testament to an Ancient Earth: Bat Breath Causes Caves to Grow Larger

bc-1

The formation and development of caves is called speleogenesis.  Everyone knows that caves typically form via the dissolving of limestone to form voids in the rock.  Usually this begins deep underground and as the void expand and reach the surface animals may enter and occupy the cave.  But what happens to caves when the water source that has […]

Dogmatic Assertions of Expertise: Having Faith in Flood Geology

In Badlands National Park in South Dakota, August 2013. Photo by Joel Duff

Everyone is an expert in something but they can’t be an expert in everything.  At some point we all have to rely on the expertise of others to guide us through our lives.  I am a biologist, however, the vastness of the field of biology leaves me in the position of deferring to the knowledge of […]

Origins of a Tropical Island II: The Long Road from Lava to Colonization

The new volcano (black material) is taking over the old island (green and yellow portion of the island).

Imagine a tropic island paradise with beautiful beaches and thousands of plants and birds. Chances are you are imagining an island that formed as the result of volcanic activity. Examples would include the Caribbean islands, the Polynesian islands, and the Hawaiian Islands. But imagine what those islands looked like when they first formed. Rather than […]

Global Flood on Mars: Where Did the Water Go?

mars-globe-water-past

News of evidence that Mars was once host to a volume of water equivalent of the Arctic ocean on Earth has been hitting the newswires.  This might sound like new news but this is really just a more comprehensive analysis of work that has been ongoing for several years.  Preliminary analysis had already suggested that […]

Origins of a Tropical Island: Instant Paradise or a Long Chaotic Process?

New-japan-island-volcano-merging-nishino-shima

In November of 2013, over 600 miles south of Tokyo, a volcanic eruption formed a new island. That new island continued to grow for over a year, eventually joining itself to the neighboring island of Nishino-shima, a volcanic island formed long ago. Today, volcanic activity continues to cause this new ocean-island to expand bringing it […]

NH Notes: Every Breaking Wave – Concretions Resist the Sands of Time

Concretions resist erosion on rocks of Sunset Cliffs near San Diego.  Image taken on Nov 21, 2014 by Joel Duff

“Every breaking wave on the shore Tells the next one there’ll be one more” Bono and Edge, U2 “Every Breaking Wave” 2014 I was in San Diego a few weeks ago attending the Evangelical Theological Society conference. I will report on that later but today I bring you a few pictures I took before hopping […]